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The gym is a specially equipped room, including equipment, and intended for training, sports, sports or physical education.
Gyms are arranged in almost all secondary and higher education institutions around the world. Equipped with both stationary and collapsible sports equipment, which allows you to transform them into a volleyball or basketball court.
They first appeared in Europe, Russia and the United States in the 19th century. In Germany, one of the first halls opened in 1852, over the ocean at about the same time, the first platforms were built in Cincinnati, in St. Louis and New York. As a rule, they were built by sports organizations. With the popularization of physical education they were joined by educational institutions. Their appearance was due to the fact that in most countries climatic conditions are not favorable in many countries for sports in the open air, and in indoor areas you can play sports regardless of the vagaries of the weather.
In the 20th century, specialized gyms are equipped with various simulators for bodybuilding (their convenience in – targeted effects on muscle groups and individual muscles), which are installed permanently; as a rule, they are smaller in area than traditional sites.
The general tendency of the second half of the 20th century is the saturation of gymnasiums with gym equipment that imitate running (treadmill), cycling, and skiing. Gyms are not adapted to the collective sports games because of their size and saturation of sports equipment, but they are organized closer to the place of residence of the participants and are open in most cases with almost no days off.