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3D Model of MiniVan Car for 3D modeling and rendering of graphics.
A minivan is a passenger car with a one-volume body and a bonnetless (less often wagon) or one-and-a-half (semi-flush) layout, usually with three rows of seats.
In domestic sources, this type of body previously could be designated as “UPV” – wagon of increased capacity.
The body of a minivan is always higher than that of conventional passenger-and-freight bodies of passenger cars such as station wagons and hatchbacks, since the main consumer property of a minivan consists precisely in maximizing the internal volume of the passenger compartment, as well as in the possibility of transforming it by folding easily removable (sometimes swiveling) passenger seats .
Early minivan models were often limited to a single rear passenger door.
The class of minivans includes cars with the number of passengers not exceeding 8 (with driver 9) seats. Cars with a large number of passenger seats are minibuses.
Over the past 20 years, the minivan has firmly occupied a consumer niche between conventional cars with cargo-and-passenger bodies belonging to category B and minibuses (class M1).
The first attempts to create more rational in terms of layout and streamline of drop-shaped car bodies were undertaken before the First World War, for example, the “proto-like-alumina” Alfa 40-60 HP Aerodinamica of 1914, which has survived to the present day, then reappeared in the West mid-1930s due to the success of aerodynamics in aviation. The first domestic running models of “monospaces” went from the end of the 1940s, for example, NAMI-013, created under the guidance of designer Yu. A. Dolmatovsky or the revolutionary Belka microcar created jointly by NAMI and the Irbit motorcycle factory. Such prototypes were usually rear-engine (engine behind the rear axle) and with the driver landing over the front axle, that is, related to the carriage layout. The passenger compartment was located exactly in the center of mass, which, in the opinion of the then designers, should have improved weight distribution and, accordingly, handling at high speeds, although the driver’s workplace was located in front of or above the arches of the front wheels, in the zone of rigid vertical oscillations, which did not contribute to comfort. and contributed to a strong galloping (longitudinal buildup of the car) when driving irregularities cover. The issue of expanding functionality was not yet on the agenda – a one-volume passenger car was considered from the point of view of creating a more rational replacement of the traditionally assembled one, with a reduction in its overall length while maintaining capacity, rather than a specialized passenger-and-freight version with a more spacious cabin.