The Airbus A330 is a commercial airliner of reaction and twin-engine wide-body aircraft developed by Airbus a consortium of aerospace companies Europe currently owned by the European corporation Airbus Group. The different versions of the A330 have a range from 7400 to 13430 km and can accommodate up to 335 passengers in a two-class configuration, or instead, transport up to 70 tons of cargo.
The origin of the A330 dates back to the 1970s as one of the different models derived from the first Airbus passenger plane, the A300. The A330 was developed in parallel with the four-engine A340, with which it shares many components of the structure but differs in the number of engines. Both aircraft incorporated fly-by-wire flight control technology, a system first introduced by Airbus on the A320, as well as the glass cabin of six screens of the A320. In June 1987, after receiving orders from several customers, Airbus launched the A330 and the A340. The A330 was the first Airbus aircraft offered with the option to assemble three types of engines: the General Electric CF6, the Pratt & Whitney PW4000 and the Rolls-Royce Trent 700.
The A330-300, the first version of this aircraft, made its first flight in November 1992 and entered into service with the French airline Air Inter in January 1994. In response to the decline in sales, Airbus pulled out a slightly more version short, the A330-200, in 1998, with which it achieved a greater sales success. Subsequently, other variants of the A330 were developed, including the A330-200F cargo plane and the A330 MRTT military tanker. The A330 MRTT was the basis for the proposed KC-45 as a candidate in the program KC-X of the United States Air Force in collaboration with Northrop Grumman, where, after an initial victory, he lost the contract against the competitor presented by Boeing, based on the 767 models.
The Airbus A330-200 3d model is the design of the shorter fuselage variant of Airbus A330 twin-engine widebody family and has the versatility to cover all ranges from short-haul to true long-haul, with ideal sizing for point-to-point operations. It is established with major carriers around the world and has become a preferred aircraft for charter and leisure operators, as well as the growing low-cost long-haul market segment. With Airbus commonality in cockpit and cabin systems, an increasing number of airlines that fly the single-aisle A320 Family are discovering the advantages of stepping up to the widebody A330-200 for higher-capacity, longer-range service.
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