or it also called E. coli bacteria 3D model. Only Cinema4d format has materials.
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E. coli is a rod-shaped bacterium). Its cell membrane is covered in fine filaments called pili or fimbriae. The flagella at the rear of each bacterium provide propulsion to make it move. E. coli is a normal component of the intestinal bacterial flora, but under certain conditions, some strains can cause severe infections like gastroenteritis.
3d model of bacteria E. coli is a type of gram-negative bacilli that are widespread in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. Most E. coli strains are harmless, but the O157: H7 serotype can cause severe food poisoning in humans and animals. Harmless strains are part of the normal intestinal flora of humans and animals. E. coli benefits the host organism, for example, by synthesizing vitamin K, as well as preventing the development of pathogenic microorganisms in the intestine.
E. coli do not always live only in the gastrointestinal tract, the ability to survive in the environment for some time makes them an important indicator for examining samples for the presence of fecal contamination. Bacteria can easily be grown in the laboratory, therefore E. coli plays an important role in genetic research. E. coli is one of the most studied prokaryotic microorganisms and one of the most important objects of biotechnology and microbiology.
E. coli was described in 1885 by a German pediatrician and bacteriologist Theodor Escherich. Currently, E. coli belongs to the genus Escherichia (Escherichia), named after Theodor Escherich of the family of enterobacteria.
A strain is a collection of individuals within a species that has properties different from those of other individuals. Often, such differences can only be detected at the molecular level, but they have an effect on the physiology of the bacterium or the life cycle. Different strains of E. coli are often specific to certain hosts, which makes it possible to determine the source of fecal contamination in samples. For example, if it is known which strains of E. coli are present in a water sample, it is possible to determine the source of infection, for example, a human, another mammal, or a bird.
New E. coli strains appear as a result of mutations and horizontal gene transfer. Some strains produce features that are detrimental to host organisms, such virulent strains can cause diarrhea, which is unpleasant in the case of adults and can be fatal in children in developing countries. More virulent strains, for example, O157: H7 cause severe illness and even lead to death in the elderly, young children and those with weakened immunity.
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