Detailed Statue of Liberty 3D model.
In 1856, a French law professor and public figure, Eduard de Labule, at a meeting with the young sculptor Frederic, Auguste Bartholdi, put forward the idea of constructing a monument that was originally conceived as a monument in honor of the US Independence War.
Soon, Bartholdy arrived in the United States, where he drew attention to the island of Bedloo, which, from the beginning of the 19th century, was a fort in the shape of a star, which in his opinion was the most successful place for the future monument. The place was approved by the 1877 Congress Act.
Returning to Paris, the sculptor again met with Labule and has already given him a project. In those years, Bartholdi performed a lot of orders, but the creation of a monument for America has become its main job for fifteen years.
The idea of the statue emerged from the ancient episode that he saw during the street fights in Paris in 1851. He remembered the girl from the barricade, in light clothing and with a burning torch raised in his hand, which became the prototype of the statue.
The first clay model was four feet tall, then the sculptor made three more working models that consistently increased in size. They were corrected and completed until the optimal option was reached.
In France, Bartholdy needed the help of an engineer to solve constructive issues related to the construction of such a gigantic copper sculpture. So the engineer Gustav Eiffel (the future creator of the Eiffel Tower), he instructed to design a massive iron-steel resistance and an intermediate supporting frame, which would allow the copper shell of the statue to move freely while maintaining the vertical position. Detailed development Eifel handed over to his assistant, an experienced construction engineer Maurice Kahlin. The concrete foundation under the statue is made of German cement. Dyukkehoff won a tender for supplying cement for the foundation of the Statue of Liberty in New York, which for that time was the largest concrete construction in the world.
The Franco-American Union, headed by Labule, was founded to finance the project. The French committee in Paris was headed by Ferdinand de Lesses, the builder of the Suez Canal. At the head of the American committee was lawyer William Evartz.
The French side was to provide the construction of a statue, and the American pedestal for her.
By the beginning of 1884 work on the statue was completed. Inside it, mounted stairs and for three months, Parisians could inspect it in the final form. Among the visitors was the famous writer Victor Hugo.
At that time in the United States, raising funds on the pedestal was moving rather slowly. Until the beginning of 1884, the foundation of concrete was only begun.
The place for the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor, approved by the 1877 Act of Congress, was chosen by General William Sherman, taking into account the wishes of Bartholdi himself, on the island of Bedloo, where from the beginning of the 19th century a fort in the form of a star was standing.
In the spring of 1885, after a month's journey, the French military sailboat "Iser" delivered a statue in New York Harbor. For transportation, the statue was disassembled for 350 pieces and packed in 214 boxes. (Her right hand with a torch, completed before, was already exhibited at the World Exhibition in Philadelphia in 1876, and then at Madison Square in New York City). The statue was assembled on its new basis for four months. The solemn opening of the Statue of Liberty, which was made by US President Grover Cleveland, took place on October 28, 1886, in the presence of thousands of spectators. As a French gift to the centenary of the American Revolution, he was late for ten years.
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The Statue of Liberty is a large statue that stands on Liberty Island in New York Harbor. The statue was a gift from the people of France and was dedicated on October 28, 1886.
It has become one of the most iconic symbols of the United States of America. The official name of the statue is Liberty Enlightening the World, but she also goes by other names including Lady Liberty and the Mother of Exiles.
The statue represents the freedom and liberty of the United States democracy. The height of the statue from the base to the tip of the torch is 151 feet 1 inch (46 meters). If you include the pedestal and the foundation, she is 305 feet 1 inch tall (93 meters). This is about the height of a 30 story building.
Interesting Facts About the Statue of Liberty
– The exterior of the statue is made of copper which has turned green due to oxidation.
– There are 354 steps to climb to the top of the crown inside the statue.
– The face of the statue looks a lot like the mother of the sculptor Bartholdi.
– The statue was often the first thing that immigrants coming to America would see as they neared Ellis Island.
– The statue weighs around 225 tons.
– The crown of the statue has seven rays which represent the seven continents and seven seas of the world.
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