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Appliances – electrical mechanical appliances that perform some household functions, such as cooking or cleaning. Household appliances can be divided into:
Given the widespread use, the term “household appliances” is tied to the definition of appliances as a “tool or device intended for a particular use or function.” More specifically, the Collins dictionary defines “home appliance” as “devices or machines, usually electrical, that are in your home and that you use for work, such as cleaning or cooking.” The widespread use of such appliances allows virtually any appliance designed for home use to be called household appliances, including consumer electronics, as well as stoves, refrigerators, toasters and air conditioners, as well as incandescent lamps and water pumps.
Although many devices have existed for centuries, self-powered electrical or gas appliances are unambiguously an American innovation that emerged in the 20th century. The development of these devices is associated with the disappearance of the permanent domestic workers and the desire to reduce the time of using the devices, in pursuit of additional time for rest. In the early 1900s, electrical and gas appliances consisted of washing machines, water heaters, refrigerators, and sewing machines. The invention of the small electric iron by Earl Richardson in 1903 gave a small initial impetus to the household appliance industry. During the American economic recovery after the end of World War II, the use of dishwashers and clothes dryers is part of the development of the home appliance industry. The increase in discretionary income was reflected in the increase in the number of different household appliances.
In America in the 1980s, the industry produced goods worth $ 1.5 billion each year and employed more than 14,000 workers, a doubling from 1982 to 1990 to $ 3.3 billion. Throughout this period, companies merged and acquired each other to reduce research and development costs and eliminate competitors in accordance with antitrust laws.
The US Department of Energy, reviewing compliance with the National Energy Saving Appliances Act of 1987, required manufacturers to reduce power consumption by 25% every five years.