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The mouse is a rodent species. Thanks to their ability to coexist with humans, house mice have spread throughout the world and are one of the most numerous species of mammals.
Mice – model organisms in laboratory studies.
Small long-tailed rodent: body length from 6.5 to 9.5 cm. The tail is at least 60% relative to body length, covered with horny scales, located ring-shaped, and sparse short hairs. Weight – 12-30 g. Ears rounded, small. The skin is dark or brownish-gray; belly – from ash gray to white. In desert mice, the color is light, yellowish-sandy, white belly. White, black, yellow, gray-blue and variegated individuals are found among the domesticated. Females have 5 pairs of nipples. Sexual dimorphism is weak.
The house mouse lives in a wide variety of landscapes and biotopes, including anthropogenic landscapes. In general, it is closely related to people (a synanthropic species) and often inhabits residential buildings and outbuildings. In the north of the range of mice characteristic seasonal movements of mice. At the end of summer and autumn, the animals begin to move en masse to their feeding places: houses, vegetable, and granaries, warehouses. The range of autumn migrations can reach 3-5 km. Often they winter in forest belts, in haystacks and skids. With the arrival of spring, the mice leave the “winter apartments” and return to natural habitats, fields, gardens, and gardens. In the south of the range, in deserts and semi-deserts, they often live year round outside of human habitation. Here house mice are tied to oases, various reservoirs.