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3D Models for Astronomy including Space, Planets, the Sun, Earth and the Moon.
Astronomy studies the Sun and other stars, the planets of the Solar System and their satellites, exoplanets, asteroids, comets, meteoroids, interplanetary matter, interstellar matter, pulsars, black holes, nebulae, galaxies and their clusters, quasars and much more.
Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences. Prehistoric cultures and ancient civilizations have left behind numerous astronomical artifacts indicating their knowledge of the laws of motion of celestial bodies. Examples include pre-dynastic ancient Egyptian monuments and Stonehenge. The first civilizations of the Babylonians, Greeks, Chinese, Indians, Mayans, and Incas have already made methodical observations of the night sky. The telescope allowed to develop it into modern science. Historically, science includes astrometry, star navigation, observation, the creation of calendars, and even astrology. Nowadays, it also counts as synonymous with astrophysics.
In the 20th century, astronomy was divided into two main branches: observational and theoretical. Observational astronomy is the acquisition of observational data on celestial bodies, which are then analyzed. This science is focused on the development of computer, mathematical or analytical models for describing astronomical objects and phenomena. These two branches complement each other: theoretical science seeks explanations for the results of observations, and observational one provides material for theoretical conclusions and hypotheses and the possibility of verifying them.