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3D Models of Cats Feline Wild Cats Panther.
From the point of view of scientific taxonomy, the domestic cat is a mammal of the cat family of the predator. Previously, a domestic cat was often viewed as a separate species. From the point of view of modern biological taxonomy, the domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus) is a subspecies of the forest cat (Felis silvestris).
As a solitary hunter of rodents and other small animals, a cat is a social animal that uses a wide range of beeps to communicate, as well as pheromones and body movements.
Currently, there are about 600 million domestic cats in the world, about 200 breeds have been bred, from long-haired (Persian) to hairless (Sphynx) recognized and registered by various felinological organizations.
For 10,000 years, felines have been prized by humans, including for their ability to hunt rodents and other pests.
According to a genetic study of autosomal markers and mitochondrial DNA of 979 domestic, wild and feral cats from three continents, including the dune cats (Felis margarita), all domestic maternal felines originate from at least five representatives of the subspecies steppe cat (Felis silvestris lybica), having different haplotypes of mitochondrial DNA. In the mitochondrial haplogroup IV, specific to Middle Eastern and domestic felines, 6 subclades were identified and the lifetime of a common ancestor was calculated – approx. 13 thousand years ago, which significantly exceeds the time of the alleged domestication of Middle Eastern animals. Genetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA of 209 cats from 30 graves in Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa showed that domestic cats spread throughout the world in two large waves. The first wave took place at the dawn of agriculture 12–9 thousand years ago — in the Fertile Crescent and its surroundings, domestic cats settled with farmers throughout the Middle East. A few thousand years later, the second wave, coming out of Egypt, swept almost all of Europe and North Africa.