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JPEG (pronounced “jpeg”, English Joint Photographic Experts Group, by the name of the organization-developer) is one of the popular raster graphics formats used for storing photo images and similar images. Files containing JPEG data usually have suffixes (.jpg, .jfif, .jpe, or .jpeg). However, among them .jpg is the most popular on all platforms. The MIME type is image/jpeg.
JPEG sunset photo with decreasing compression ratio from left to right
The JPEG algorithm allows you to compress an image with both lossy and lossless (lossless JPEG compression mode). Supported images with a linear size of not more than 65535 × 65535 pixels.
In 2010, in order to preserve for descendants information about digital formats that were popular at the beginning of the 21st century, scientists from the PLANETS project laid instructions on reading the JPEG format into a special capsule, which they placed in special storage in the Swiss Alps